Archive for the ‘raga’ Tag

Mann tadpat hari darshan ko aaj – Baiju Bawra (1952)

Today let us walk down memory lane and listen to the versatile genius of Mohd. Rafi whose range spanned from the raga based bhajan Mann Tadpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj in Baiju Bawra (Naushad – Shakeel Badayuni) to the jazzy Tum Jo Mil Gaye Ho in Hanste Zakhm (Madan Mohan – Kaifi Azmi) to the ghazal Tumhari zulfke saaye mein sham kar lunga in Naunihaal (Madan Mohan – Kaifi Azmi).
In Baiju Bawra, the lead role of a musical genius who could compete with the great Tansen, played by Bharat Bhushan was made believable by Rafi’s renditions.

Composer: Naushad
Raga: Malkauns Thaat: Bhairavi

Puchho na kaise – Meri Soorat Teri Aankhen(1963)

No post about Sachin Karta would do justice to him if it doesn’t explore his classical roots. A disciple of the noted Bengali classical singer, Bhismadev Chattopadhyay, he created several raga based film songs. The most noted among these is this gem, sung by Manna Dey. The original song in Bengali is by Kazi Nazrul Islam. A Bengali rendition by Asha Bhonsle is available here.

Raga: Ahir Bhairav, Thaat: Bhairav

Lyrics: Shailendra

Puchho na kaise maine rain bitai
Ik pal jaise ik yug bita
Yug bite mohe neend na aayi

Ik jale deepak ik man meraa
Phir bhi naa jaaye mere ghar ka andhera
Tadpat tarsat umar gavaayi

Na kahin chanda na kahin taare
Jyot ke pyaase mere nain bichaare
Bhor bhi aas ki kiran na laayi

Prem Jogan Ban Ke – Mughal-E-Azam(1960)

Many consider the Mughal-E-Azam soundtrack to be Naushad’s masterpiece. While there may be difference of opinion on that, it was no less a masterstroke by K.Asif and Naushad to get Bade Ghulam Ali Khan to sing in a Hindi film, which was Mughal-E-Azam. The Khan didn’t disappoint. Presented below is his classical rendition based on the raga Sohini, apparently being sung by Tansen in the background of the picturization on Anarkali (Madhubala) and Saleem (Dilip Kumar).

Lyrics: Shakeel Badayuni

Kuhu Kuhu Bole Koyaliya – Swana Sundari(1957)

Of late, it has been all rock and pop and fusion – mostly plagiarisms ruling the Indian film music industry. Gone are the days when film music was based on Indian classical music – either Hindustani or the Carnatic variety. In today’s post we’ll listen to two raga-based songs which had captured the imagination of the nation during the period when they were released.

Both these songs are based on the raga Sohini, of the thaat Marwaa. It is a pre-dawn raga, to be performed between 2am – 4am, and is said to be the favorite of Akbar and Man Singh.

The first song is from the film Swarna Sundari, a 1957 remake of the Telugu film Suvarna Sundari. What is interesting to note about this song is that its four verses are based on four different ragas. One of these is Sohini, the others are Bahaar (thaat: Asavari) , Jaunpuri (thaat: Asavari) and Yaman (thaat: Kalyan).

Music by P. Adinarayana Rao. Sung by Mohd. Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar.

Lyrics:

[Raga Sohini]

Kuhu-kuhu bole koyaliya
Kunj-kunj mein bhanvre dole gun-gun bole

Saja singaar ritu aayi basanti
Jaise naar koi ho rasvanti
Sa ni dha ma dha ni sa ga ma ga ma dha ni sa
Re sa ni dha ni sa re sa ni sa re sa ni
Dha ni ni dha ni ni dha ni ma dha dha ma dha dha ma dha
Sa re ga ma dha na

Daali-daali kaliyon ko titaliyaan choomein
Phool-phool pankhadiyaan khole amrit ghole

[Raga Bahaar ]

Kaahe ghata mein bijuri chamke
Ho sakta hain megharaaj ne baadariya ka
Shyaam-shyaam mukh choom liya ho
Chori-chori man panchhi ude naina jude

[Raga Jaunpuri ]

Chandrika dekh chhayi piya chandrika dekh chhayi
Chanda se milke man hi man main muskaayi
Chhayi chandrika dekh chhaayi
Sharad suhavan madhu man bhavan
Virahi jano ka sukh sara saavan

[Raga Sohini ]

Chhaayi-chhaayi poonam ki ghataa ghoonghat hata

[Raga Yaman]

Saaras raat man bhaaye priyatama kamal-kamalini mile
Kiran haar damke jal mein chaand chamke
Man saanand, aanand dole re
Ni re ga ma dha ni sa dha ni sa sa ni sa ga re ga
Sa re ni sa dha ni ma dha sa ni re ni re
Dha ni dha ni ma dha ma dha ga ma ga ma
Ga ma dha ni sa ga ma dha ni sa dha ni sa